What is ABA therapy?

ABA therapy is a specific form of behavior modification. It is defined as “the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory”. ABA is used to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree.

The principles of ABA work on the belief that influencing a response associated with a particular behavior may cause that behavior to be shaped and controlled. This basically means that the behavior that is reinforced is more likely to be repeated than a behavior which is not rewarded. ABA therapy helps in increasing skills in children as well as reducing problem behaviors like self-injury, aggression, temper tantrums , repetitive behavior etc. It works on the target behaviors to make people more functional in the future


ABA therapist in Neurogen Hospital breaks down each skill into manageable units so that each part can be taught effectively. This is done through discrete trials where each unit of behavior is taught till mastered. Then learned units are put together to form more complex behaviors. Problem behaviors that needs to be reduced ( eg: temper tantrums, self- injury) and behavior deficits i.e. behaviors that need to be increased (eg: eye contact, attention span) are managed to enable the individual to function effectively. This is done through various strategies like

  • Positive reinforcement
  • Discrete Trial teaching
  • Pivotal Response training
  • Imitation training
  • Shaping
  • Chaining
  • Prompting
  • Generalization
  • Self-management training
  • Video modelling

It is essential to continue ABA therapy after Stem Cell therapy treatment in NeuroGen BSI to stimulate the child’s brain and makes the process of improvement faster. ABA therapy is evidenced based and it has proved to be an effective intervention in teaching children and adults to manage their challenging behaviors. It helps in the following ways :

  • Increasing Positive and appropriate behaviors

  • Teaching new skills

  • Regulating self by controlling self stimulatory behaviors

  • To generalize the appropriate learned behaviors

  • It helps the individual learn what “ to do” instead of just learning “to stop doing something”

  • Improves ability and performance on tasks

  • Reinforcement procedures increase on-task behavior or social interactions and reduce behaviors like self-injury or stereotypical behavior

  •  It helps teaching children self-control and self monitoring procedures to maintain and generalize job-related social skills.

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