What is Physiotherapy?
Physiotherapy can be defined as a treatment method that focuses on the science of movement and helps people to restore, maintain and maximize their physical strength, function, motion and overall well-being by addressing the underlying physical issues.
Neuro Physiotherapy is a type of rehabilitation offering examination and treatment of the physical problems that are caused by an individual’s neurological condition (stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, etc) and aims at enhancing and maximizing their functional ability.
HOW DOES PHYSIOTHERAPY HELP IN NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS?
Every person with a neurological condition presents differently. Physiotherapy is thus focused on the condition and symptoms. The nervous system is highly complex, and includes the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Damage to the nervous system from either injury or disease can lead to difficulty in controlling movements, affected sensations, speech, swallowing, vision, cognition, and bowel and bladder control. Aims of physiotherapy are:
Assists in movement restoration, increased muscle strength, endurance, coordination & balance. Helps reduce spasticity & increase joint range of motion & prevent contractures
Physiotherapy helps children with disabilities achieve developmental milestones, improve activities of daily living, maximize function and prescribe devices to aid with tasks that have become difficult.
Physiotherapy helps improve lungs and cardiorespiratory functions in order to reduce fatigue & keep lungs clear. It also helps in slowing down the physical deterioration or progression of the condition.
WHY PHYSIOTHERAPY IS IMPORTANT AFTER STEM CELL THERAPY?
Neurorehabilitation facilitates neural plasticity and improves neural connectivity. Physiotherapy as a part of neurorehabilitation helps stimulate the injected stem cells and guides them to target damaged areas of the brain, where the stem cells need to exert their actions. It also stimulates the nerve cells and the supporting cells in the brain and spinal cord to function at their optimum capacity, by releasing growth factors, improving oxygenation and increasing blood supply. Once cells are regenerated, goal directed physiotherapy helps the regenerated cells to function optimally and develop connections, thus improving motor functions. Thus physiotherapy helps in the repair of damaged areas of the brain and spinal cord.
The therapists use treatment approach such as NDT (Neurodevelopmental Treatment), Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation, strengthening, stretching, balance training, gait training, etc to improve individual’s movements, balance, and thus daily function and independence.
The therapists use advanced approach such as NDT to assess and treat children bringing about an improvement in the child’s function and participation. They also educate and support the parents and families of children by working closely with other therapists and also providing them suggestions to improve movements and mobility skills to help a child reach the highest level of independence.
–The Walking Track for Spinal Cord Injury patients
Is one of its kinds and the best physiotherapy center in India for the rehabilitation of individuals suffering from spinal cord injury. Apart from training for bed mobility, transfers, and walking, physiotherapists here practice, and patients undergo specialized and advanced walking training called Kunming walking which teaches an individual to achieve locking of knees without the use of splints gradually with training.